Oct 9, 2012 12:00am PDT
yamanaka. >> suarez: the two scientists are from two different generations and celebrated today's announcement half a world apart. but today they were celebrated together for their research that led to a ground-breaking understanding of how cells work. sir john gurdon of cambridge university was awarded for his work in 1962. he was able to use specialized cells of frogs, like skin or intestinal cells, to generate new tad poles and show d.n.a. could drive the formation of cells in the body. 40 years later dr. shinya yamanaka built on that and went further. he was able to turn mature cells back into their earliest form as primitive cells. those cells are in many ways the equivalent of embryonic stem cells because they have the potential to develop into specialized cells. for heart, liver and other organs. dr. shinya yamanaka is currently working at kyoto university. embryonic stem cells have had to be harvested from human embryos, a source of debate and considerably controversy. for gurdon the prize at special meaning. at a news conference in london he recalled one school teacher'
Oct 8, 2012 9:00am EDT
gurdon -- >> gurdon. >> what did i say? >> gored. >> and japanese scient shinya yamanaka -- [ laughter ] >> will share the prize for medicine. both have done work, it's serious, discovering how matured cells in the body can be harvested and turned into stem cells. those stem cells in turn are being used to create replacement tissue for damaged parts of the body. long before dolly the sheep was cloned, remember dolly? gurdon-- >> isn't it gurdon? yes, it's g-u-r-d-o-n. >> i want to call him gordon, i'm sorry. used frog cells to create new tad poles. last week japanese scientists used yamanaka's approach to use mice cells to produce baby mice. >> on the screen it's different. >> i made it funny with -- >> tell us which is correct. we have it two different ways. competely different. >> let's talk about john. >> let's talk about john. >> the same work, however, the year that yamanaka was born was the first time john gurdon came up with this. they worked on it independently. you can tell this work has been going on for a long time. congratulations to both of them. >> boeing of them. >>> a l